bd40bc7c7a Graf, C. (1980). & Fottler, M. (1991). Thishas put additional burdens on registered nurses as they are then forced to assume non-nursing care tasks (Mitchell, 2007).  Ibid. 2003).The survey requested that hospitals provide data for a representative medical–surgical unit in the hospital. The current effort to collect inpatient nursing data within the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI) may provide a template for collecting aggregate data that can be used to compare nursing care across multiple institutions (Trossman, 2006). Proposed minimum, nurse-to-patient staffing ratios, such as those enacted by California, are intended to address a growing concern that patients are being harmed by inadequate staffing related to increasing severity of illness and complexity of care. Journal of Nursing Scholarship.
 Curry, Leslie, et. Minimum staffing ratios: the California workforce initiative survey. (2007). Currently hospital nursing care is cross subsidized (Dalton, 2007). We focused our analysis on short-term acute general hospitals, excluding children's and specialty hospitals. D., Averill, R. Available: www.orovillemr.com/portlet/article/html/fragments/printarticle.jsp?articleI… Needleman, J., Buerhaus, P., Mattke, S., Stewart, M., & Zelevinsky, K.  Linda Aiken, et. Aside from the occupational hazards caused by understaffing, numerous studies show a correlation between inadequate nurse staffing and poor patient outcomes. Ordered to Care: The Dilemma of American Nursing, 1850-1945.